Sunday, July 31, 2011

Nuevo atentado con coche bomba contra un templo católico en Irak

Un coche bomba explotó ayer martes aproximadamente a las 05:00 a.m. (hora local) junto a la iglesia siro-católica de la Sagrada Familia de la ciudad de Kirkuk, en Irak, dejando unos 20 heridos entre cristianos y musulmanes entre los que se encontraban niños y una religiosa.

La policía informó que también se encontraron otras dos bombas cerca a otras dos iglesias que afortunadamente fueron desactivadas a tiempo.

El subjefe de la Policía de Kirkuk, el teniente general Torhan Abdulrahman, indicó a la agencia Reuters que se trata de «un ataque coordinado perpetrado de forma simultánea contra varias iglesias».

Nuevo atentado con coche bomba contra un templo católico en Irak -- Infocatólica

Saturday, July 30, 2011

Dimite la "cúpula" militar turca por desavenencias con Erdogan





Turkish Leaders Assert Control Following Resignation of Top Military Chiefs -- IBTimes

Turkey curbs power of the military after generals resign -- The National

Erdogan focuses on constitution as Turkey's top brass quit -- Reuters

Erdogan unfazed by military resignations -- The Hindu

Turkey's resignations, a sign of military decline -- AP

Turkey seeks solution to army resignation crisis -- AFP

The Turkish military snaps -- CNN

Sobre la muerte de Yunís



Elecciones



Sunday, July 24, 2011

Knights Templar 2083 by Anders Behring Breivik

Al jazeera: Two sides of the same coin

Copio de Imran Khan, al jazeera, A manifesto for a Muslim-free Europe, an Infidel-free Middle East:

I have just finished reading a terrifying document.

It's called 2083: A European declaration of Independence.

It's full of advice for the budding Christian martyr.

Handy tips on how to build bombs and make poisons; on how to use video games to hone your shooting skills.

I came across it on a far right website.

At 1511 pages long it’s a work of extreme prejudice - against Muslims predominantly.

Ultimately, the author wants a Muslim-free Europe.

The author’s name is Andrew Berwick.

He datelines the document London 2011.

He spent 3 years of his life writing it and clearly believes, with a passion, every single word.

The Norwegian media claim this document is written by Anders Behring Breivik, the suspect behind the brutal attacks in Norway.

At the end of the book are pictures of Breivik himself, dressed as a blond haired and blue eyed hero of the Knights Templar.

Christian crusaders, the book suggests, have returned and are alive, well and living in London.

His last diary entry is dated 22 July 2011.

There seems to be little doubt that Berwick is Breivik.

I have covered extremists of all hues for a decade now.

What worries me about this document is the parallels that exist between this and another document found in a Manchester, United kingdom flat in 2005.

That document was dubbed the 'al-Qaeda military manual'.

It has a similar theme to the 2083 document - An infidel-free Middle East; Handy tips on bomb making, etc.

Two sides of the same coin.

Whether both documents prove to be fake or rather, authentic catalogues of destruction, the very fact they are out there is a chilling thought.

Anyone with access to an internet connection can download these guides.

When read with the right mindset someone could - and in the case of Norway, has - create havoc on innocents whose only crime it is to be in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Now, it seems like I might be trying to advocate against free speech.

I'm not.

Free speech is an absolute for me.

No.

What worries me is the how freely this information has come to be available in our information age.

The author of 2083 document claims to have 7000 "friends" on the social networking site Facebook, all of who can get a copy of the manifesto.

Clearly for some of those 7000, it will be interesting to read.

Even for me as a journalist, although I found the author’s take on events skewed and in places wrong, ultimately I couldn't stop reading it.

But for others, the messages behind the ‘al-Qaeda military manual’ and ‘2083’ are a call to arms.

On that path, as we have seen in Norway, tragedy lies.

The challenge for us who believe that violence - religious or otherwise - can never be justified, is how we stop lone figures and small cells from attacking us without destroying the very freedoms we care for.

Should these documents be somehow wiped from the web, or should they be allowed to exist? Not easy questions.

Do our governments have a solution?

And while we are on the subject, should I even be writing about the documents?

Yes, is answer to that one.

As I said earlier, free speech is an absolute.

And so is social cohesion.

Which is just 'political speak' for "Why can't we all just get along?"

Evil will always exist in the world, but we are not born that way.

Norway has shown us where years of prejudice can lead.

I write that last line knowing full well that I sound like some sort of budding Miss World...

Oslo: aspectos legales



En palabras de su Primer Ministro, Noruega es una sociedad abierta, una sociedad democrática, una sociedad en la que existe una relación estrecha entre los políticos y el pueblo (como diría mi abuela, el burro por delante) ...

El Código Penal noruego prevé una pena máxima de veintiún años de cárcel.

Si, finalmente, son noventa y dos los muertos, cada vida saldrá al asesino por menos de tres meses de la suya.

Si se prueba que al momento de los hechos su voluntad de entender y de querer estaba mermada, la pena será sensiblemente menor.

La única posibilidad de que éste no vuelva a pisar la calle es que le diagnostiquen una patología psiquiátrica que permita su reclusión de por vida en un manicomio/frenopático.

Y eso es muy difícil.

Sin ir más lejos, en España, las cárceles están llenas de delincuentes "locos", diagnosticados antes de ser condenados...

Jamie Weinstein, The Daily Caller, Police: Alleged Norwegian mass murderer faces just 21 years in prison.

Saturday, July 23, 2011

El etarra escandinavo




El de la foto es Anders Behring Breivik, un noruego de treinta y dos años, detenido como presunto responsable de los estragos ocurridos ayer en Oslo.

En su "cara-libro" dice que le gusta la caza y se define como cristiano y conservador...

Facebook de Anders Behring Breivik (PDF).

Pictured: The blond Norwegian, 32, arrested over 'holiday island massacre' and linked to Oslo car bomb blasts -- Mail online

LIVE: Oslo explosion -- BBC

Oslo explosion - live coverage -- The Guardian

Oslo bomb kills at least 2 -- USA Today Live Coverage

Oslo explosion: live coverage -- The Telegraph

At least 87 dead in Norway shooting, bomb attack -- Reuters

Norway horror: 80 die in camp shooting, 7 in blast -- AP

Twin attacks rock Norway, at least 87 dead -- L.A. Times

Norway Terror Attacks Toll Upped to 87: Norwegian Man Arrested -- ABC News

'Norway's 9/11': At least 80 feared dead in double attack on Norwegian capital and holiday island -- Daily Mail

Norwegian media name bombing, shooting suspect -- CBS News

Suspect in deadly Norway attacks named -- MSNBC

Norway Attacks Reportedly by One Man, No Ties to Islamist Terrorism -- FOX News/AP

Teenagers swam for their lives in Norway carnage -- Reuters

Norway Shocked by Twin Attacks -- Spiegel Online

Norwegian police dismiss jihadist role in Oslo attacks -- Long War Journal

Photo Gallery: Twin Attacks in Norway -- Spiegel Online

Norwegian national tragedy unfolds on Web -- CNET News

Norway's 9/11 -- IBD Editorial






Wednesday, July 20, 2011

El moro traidor, el moro engañado: variantes del estereotipo en el romancero republicano


Comandante Don Julio Benítez y Benítez (1878 - 1921)


Copio de Don Guillermo D. Olmo, diario ABC, «Héroes de Igueriben, resistid unas horas más. Lo exige el buen nombre de España»:

El 21 de julio de 1921 Alfonso XIII preside la solemne entrada de los restos del Cid en la Catedral de Burgos.

Lejos de allí, en Marruecos, en el inhóspito y accidentado terreno del Rif, el Comandante de infantería Julio Benítez arenga al centenar de hombres que quedan vivos en la guarnición de Igueriben.

Se preparan para morir.

Su memoria destella en la vergüenza del «Desastre de Annual» la más oprobiosa derrota de la historia del Ejército Español, hace ahora 90 años.

Igueriben es la punta de lanza del temerario plan del general Manuel Fernández Silvestre para asegurar el control del protectorado Español en Marruecos.

Decidido a avanzar hasta Alhucemas, Silvestre no ha considerado que las cabilas rifeñas, bajo el mando de Abd el-Krim, preparan la guerra contra los Españoles, un ejército de trabajadores y labriegos, mal equipados y protagonistas a la fuerza de una aventura colonial cuyos objetivos la mayoría no comprenden.

Allí, en Igueriben, están el abnegado Benítez y sus 350 hombres..

El 14 de julio Abd el-Krim inicia el hostigamiento a la posición.

El 17 de julio, las cosas empeoran porque los improvisados artilleros rifeños van afinando y los obuses comienzan a caer dentro de la posición.

La guarnición se defiende sin descanso.

Junto al parapeto, disparan todo el día bajo el implacable sol del Rif.

Los heridos, sin atender porque no hay médico ni medicinas, también.

Pero lo peor es la sed.

El pozo más cercano queda a varios kilómetros y solo asomar el cogote ya supone jugárselo.

La única esperanza es que desde Annual el general Silvestre logre romper el cerco y auxilie la posición.

Benítez confía en su general y contagia su entusiasmo a la tropa.

El teniente Casado Escudero, uno de los pocos supervivientes, refirió que «el comandante dirigió sin descanso la defensa (…), elevando la moral y su figura era admirada por todos los defensores, que desde el primer momento depositaron en él fe ciega por su bizarría».

«Los de Igueriben no se rinden»

La noche del 18, los moros se acercan tanto que pueden escucharse sus insultos a los oficiales y su oferta a los soldados: si se rinden, podrán volver ilesos a Annual.

Los Españoles responden gritando vivas a España y disparando.

Benítez escribirá: «Los defensores de Igueriben mueren pero no se rinden».

Al día siguiente, Silvestre, que no está de brazos cruzados, comunica por heliógrafo que «se hallan concentradas en Annual numerosas fuerzas que han de convoyar los socorros de que tan necesitada está la posición.

La Patria atenta a vuestro gallardo esfuerzo sabrá pronto recompensar vuestros sacrificios».

Benítez sigue creyendo, pero las condiciones son cada vez más insoportables.

Las ametralladoras comienzan a quedar inutilizadas por el constante uso y el calor.

Hombres y armas se derriten.

El día 20, Benítez escribe angustiado a su general: «Tenemos muertos y heridos, carecemos de agua y de víveres y la gente se ve precisada a permanecer día y noche en el parapeto para tener a raya al adversario».

Silvestre contesta: «Héroes de Igueriben, resistid unas horas más. Lo exige el buen nombre de España».

Benítez responde embravecido: «Esta guarnición jura a su general que no se rendirá más que a la muerte».

Pero la ayuda sigue sin llegar y Benítez vuelve a comunicar con Annual: «Es horrenda la sed; se han bebido la tinta, la colonia, los orines mezclados con azúcar.

Se echan arenilla en la boca para provocar en vano la salivación.

Los hombres se meten desnudos en los hoyos que se hacen para gustar el consuelo de la humedad.

Se ahogan con el hedor de los cadáveres».

Al otro lado, Silvestre, que ha errado en la estrategia pero sufre por sus soldados, lo intenta.

Pero no puede.

Una tras otra, las expediciones de aprovisionamiento son masacradas por el enemigo.

Los Españoles recorren penosamente angostos desfiladeros y escarpados riscos en los que son el blanco perfecto para los tiradores moros, que disparan a placer protegidos por la orografía de su tierra.

El terreno que Silvestre creía expedito se revela una trampa mortal.

Mientras, a Igueriben llega una nueva oferta de rendición.

Pese a su agónica situación, los defensores reiteran su negativa disparando exhaustos a las sombras.

El 20 de julio, Silvestre ha decidido jugarse el todo por el todo: «Resistid esta noche y mañana os juramos que seréis salvados o quedaremos todos en el campo del honor».

Tan audaz como insensato, el veterano general de caballería organiza unos escuadrones a cuyo frente él personalmente se propone atravesar las líneas enemigas.

Solo los ruegos de sus oficiales lo disuaden.

Finalmente ordena el despliegue de todas las fuerzas disponibles en Melilla, que queda así desprotegida.

Todo será inútil.

Cada intento es una sangría y es ya el mismo campamento de Annual el que está rodeado de rifeños.

Silvestre, desquiciado, autoriza por fin la evacuación de Igueriben.

Arenga entre tiros y bombazos

Solo entonces, abandonado, se permite Benítez palabras agrias.

Irritado, escribe: «Parece mentira que dejéis morir a vuestros hermanos, a un puñado de Españoles que han sabido sacrificarse delante de vosotros».

A eso de las dos de la tarde ha digerido la decepción y, consciente ya de su sino, escribe a Silvestre: «Nunca esperé de V. E. recibir orden de evacuar esta posición, pero cumpliendo lo que me ordena, en este momento, y como la tropa nada tiene que ver con los errores cometidos por el mando, dispongo que empiece la retirada, cubriéndola y protegiéndola debidamente pues la oficialidad que integra esta posición conscientes de su deber, sabremos morir como mueren los oficiales Españoles».

No contempla la rendición que podría ser su salvación.

Los rifeños solían dejar vivir a los oficiales para exigir un rescate por su liberación pero liquidaban sin piedad a la tropa.

No.

Benítez luchará con ellos hasta el final.

Citado ya con la historia, dirige la última arenga a sus muchachos bajo una lluvia de proyectiles: «Hijos míos, vamos a abandonar este corralito que hemos defendido como héroes por la falta de víveres y municiones; llorad por vuestros hermanos que dejáis sin sepultura, ahora vamos a seguir defendiéndonos con las pocas municiones que nos quedan y terminadas estas emplead la bayoneta; yo, hijos míos, os seguiré mandando como hasta aquí he hecho».

Son las palabras postreras de un militar que se sabe llamado a un sacrificio ejemplar.

Tras ellas, el comandante empuña su pistola y emerge del parapeto atrayendo la atención de los moros para facilitar la huida de la columna principal, la que carga con los heridos.

Los rifeños acribillan al diezmado contingente.

Los Españoles gritan, corren, disparan y, en último trance, acuchillan.

Mueren matando.

Benítez también.

Recibe un primer impacto en la cabeza y cae a tierra.

Polvoriento y ensangrentado, se rehace y continúa al frente de sus hombres, hasta que un balazo en el corazón lo deja definitivamente seco.

De los resistentes de Igueriben se salvó menos de una decena.

En Burgos, los restos del Cid llegaban a la Catedral entre aplausos.

En el Rif, Benítez, campeador honesto de otra época, quedaba a merced de los carroñeros.

En 1925, el Gobierno reconocería a título póstumo su valor y diligencia con la Cruz Laureada de San Fernando, la más prestigiosa condecoración militar Española.

New al qaeda magazine: Bin Laden 'confronted' SEALs in 'fierce battle'



No "cuelgo" el enlace porque la revista enseña como fabricar peróxido de acetona (triperóxido de triacetona, peroxiacetona, TATP), un explosivo que puede fabricarse con productos de uso doméstico y que fue empleado en las bombas de los ataques terroristas de Londres del 7 de julio de 2005 y en el "zapato-bomba" de Richard Reid.

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Charía

Tropas iraníes atacan bases kurdas en Iraq


Iranian troops attack Kurdish PJAK rebel bases in Iraq -- BBC

Report: Iranian Revolutionary Guard forces take control of Kurdish bases in Iraq amid clashes -- Washington Post

Report: Iranians seize Kurdish bases in Iraq -- Forbes/AP

Iran 'takes control' of Kurdish camps in Iraq: Guards -- AFP

Iran media: Troops dismantle Kurdish rebel camp -- CNN

Kurds battle Iranians at border -- Washington Times

Iran attacks Kurdish fighters' camp -- Al Jazeera

Iranian Raid Kills Two Kurdish Rebels in Northwest -- Voice of America

Two Kurds, Iran Guard killed on Iraq border -- AFP

IRGC takes PJAK camp near Iraqi border -- Press TV (Iran)

About 30 Iranian soldiers, number of PJAK, killed in clashes in northern Iraq -- Aswat al-Iraq (Iraq)

Ejecución de policías pakistaníes por los talibán


Pakistan Taliban release 'police killing' video -- BBC (Video)

Taliban Video Shows Execution of 16 Pakistanis -- New York Times

Taliban Executes Pakistani Policemen on Camera -- ABC News

Taliban video shows police execution: Pakistan officials -- AFP

Pakistan Taliban release video showing forces' execution -- Reuters

Taliban execute Pakistani policemen on video -- Forbes/AP

Pakistani Taliban Release Video of Police Execution -- Voice of America

Taliban release video of security forces execution -- The Telegraph

15 Pakistan policemen killed by Taliban firing squad, new video shows -- The Telegraph

Monday, July 18, 2011

Sunday, July 17, 2011

Ataques de AQMI en Argelia


En la mañana de ayer, sábado dieciséis de julio, un suicida hizo estallar su auto frente a un cuartel de policía en Bordj-Menaiel, a 70 kilómetros al este de Argel.

Poco después, otro atacante suicida condujo su motocicleta cargada de explosivos contra una multitud cerca del ayuntamiento de la misma localidad, matando a un oficial de policía, un funcionario local e hiriendo a otras 14 personas: seis civiles, siete policías y un gendarme.

La explosión dañó seriamente el ayuntamiento y varios edificios cercanos.

El miércoles, 13 de julio, una bomba contra un puesto militar cerca de Baghlia, en la misma región, mató a dos soldados e hirió a seis más.

Más en AFP -- Fresh wave of violence leaves six dead in Algeria: report.

Con la segunda Bandera en el frente de Aragón

From the Ayan to Amir: the 'Abd al-Karim of the Moroccan Rif, 1900 to 1921

Historical dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen)

Saturday, July 16, 2011

Cybercrime: a reference handbook


Bernadette H. Schell and Clemens -- Cybercrime: a reference handbook.

Shael Herman: Ahl al kitab: mechanisms of social cohesion among monotheisms of the Iberian convivencia

"combatant status" AND "international law" AND "islamic law" filetype:pdf (página 10)

"international law" filetype:pdf site:http://81.70.242.211/ (página 14)

En francés:

Histoire des Musulmans d'Espagne : jusqu'à la conquete de l'Andalousie par les Almoravides (711-1110) (Volume 1)

Histoire des Musulmans d'Espagne : jusqu'à la conquete de l'Andalousie par les Almoravides (711-1110) (Volume 2)

Histoire des Musulmans d'Espagne : jusqu'à la conquete de l'Andalousie par les Almoravides (711-1110) (Volume 3)

Histoire des Musulmans d'Espagne : jusqu'à la conquete de l'Andalousie par les Almoravides (711-1110) (Volume 4)

En Español, tomo I, edición de Don Federico de Castro.

Julio Puyol: "El Cid" de Dozy


Julio Puyol: "El Cid" de Dozy

Friday, July 15, 2011

UNAMA: Afghanistan midyear report 2011. Protection of civilians in armed conflict.

Afghan Heroin: The Lost War

Olivier Roy: Secularism confronts Islam

Gilles Kepel: Beyond Terror and Martyrdom

Fragata-patera

Foto: US Navy.

Copio de diario ABC, Malta niega el acceso a la fragata española con un centenar de inmigrantes a bordo:

Malta no los quiere y ha pedido explicaciones a la OTAN sobre la actuación de la fragata «Almirante Juan de Borbón».

El ministro del Interior maltés, Carm Mifsud Bonnici, ha explicado que su Gobierno no ha recibido todavía respuesta de la Alianza Atlántica.

Según el "Times of Malta", la fragata española todavía no ha recibido permiso para atracar en Malta y se encuentra navegando en aguas internacionales con el centenar de inmigrantes que rescató en alta mar el

Los inmigrantes fueron rescatados por el buque de guerra español cuando navegaban a 78 millas náuticas de Túnez, a 88 millas náuticas de Lampedusa (Italia) y a 141 millas náuticas de Malta.

Mifsud Bonnici ha explicado que el buque militar español, que está bajo mando de la OTAN, se dirigió a Malta para desembarcar a los inmigrantes rescatados y que sólo avisó sobre la entrega 18 horas después del rescate, cuando se encontraba a 40 millas náuticas de la costa maltesa.

Antes de la llegada de la fragata, las autoridades maltesas pidieron explicaciones al mando de la OTAN en Nápoles sobre la decisión de desembarcar en su territorio a los inmigrantes y por el motivo por el que no cursaron una solicitud de desembarco a Túnez e Italia.

El jefe de las Fuerzas Armadas maltesas, el general de Brigada Martin Xuereb, ha asegurado que el buque de guerra español tiene equipos médicos a bordo para poder atender a los inmigrantes.

Mifsud Bonnici ha explicado que ha discutido este tema con su homólogo español, quien le habría transmitido que la decisión "unilateral" de la fragata de desembarcar en Malta fue "extraña".

El ministro del Interior maltés ha incidido en que el problema con el rescate no es un litigio con Italia o España sino que se trata de una cuestión de respeto de la soberanía maltesa.

"El problema no es Malta, es la OTAN", ha afirmado.

A la espera

El Gobierno ha asegurado este jueves que la fragata «Almirante Juan de Borbón», que el pasado domingo participó en el rescate de unos 100 migrantes en aguas frente a las costas de Libia, "en ningún momento" ha recibido instrucción de la OTAN para dirigirse a algún país en concreto y continúa en aguas próximas a Malta por si surgiera algún problema de tipo médico.

Tras el rescate de los migrantes, el buque de guerra español recibió la instrucción del Mando de Operación de dirigirse hacia esta isla y permanecer en sus proximidades ya que era el país más cercano al lugar donde se rescató a los africanos.

Desde entonces, los militares españoles permanecen en aguas próximas a Malta y "a la espera de instrucciones" de la Alianza Atlántica para el desembarco de los rescatados.

Los 100 migrantes, entre los que hay 17 mujeres --cuatro de ellas embarazadas-- y ocho niños, permanecen a bordo del «Almirante Juan de Borbón», donde están siendo atendidos por los marinos de la fragata, que cuenta con una dotación de 250 militares.

National Strategy for counterterrorism. Estados Unidos. Junio 2011.

Caen cinco franceses en Afganistán



French soldiers killed in Afghanistan attack -- al jazeera

French soldier killed in Afghan battle -- AFP

Suicide Attack Kills 5 French Troops in Afghanistan -- Voice of America

6 NATO Troops Killed in Afghanistan -- Voice of America

Suicide Bomber Kills 5 French Soldiers in Afghanistan -- New York Times

Afghan suicide bombing kills five French troops -- Reuters

Bombing kills 5 French soldiers in Afghanistan -- L.A. Times

Más de Afganistán:

Afghan-led Security Force Detains Insurgents -- US Department of Defense

Huge blast in eastern Afghanistan wounds 22 coalition troops -- Stars and Stripes

US begins drawdown of troops from Afghanistan -- Stars and Stripes/AP

Suicide bomber kills 4 at Karzai memorial service -- Washington Post

Four dead after suicide bomber hiding explosives under turban targets funeral service for brother of Afghan president -- Daily Mail

Wali Karzai Memorial Service Bombed -- Time/AP

Bomber Hits Ceremony for Karzai's Brother -- Wall Street Journal

At least 6 die in suicide attack at Kandahar mosque -- CNN

Cleric killed in Kandahar mosque blast -- Al Jazeera

Blast Hits Mosque During Service for Afghan President’s Relative -- New York Times

NATO accused of killing six Afghan civilians -- AFP

6 civilians killed in NATO-led raid, Afghan officials say -- CNN

Afghan Officials Say NATO Kills 6 Civilians -- Voice of America

Afghans Protest Civilian Deaths in NATO Operations -- Voice of America

Report: War-related civilian deaths up in Afghanistan -- CNN

Afghan civilian war deaths hit record level: U.N. report -- Yahoo News/Reuters

UN: Afghan civilian death toll up 15 percent -- Yahoo News/AP

Afghan Civilian War Deaths Up 15 Percent Over 2010 -- Voice of America

Afghan civilian deaths up 15% -- AFP

Civilian Deaths Rise in First Half In Afghanistan -- Wall Street Journal

To Track Militants, U.S. Has System That Never Forgets a Face -- New York Times

Lockdown: U.S. Builds New Jails Across Afghanistan -- The Danger Room

ISAF Needs to Maintain Momentum in Afghanistan, General Says -- U.S. Department of Defense

Afghan politicians rethink personal security -- Washington Post

Afghanistan Bright Spot: Wildlife Surviving in War Zones -- National Geographic

Setbacks in Afghanistan -- Jennifer Rubin, Washington Post

US military deaths in Afghanistan at 1,552 -- Yahoo News/AP

Thursday, July 14, 2011

Libros y artículos de John C. Yoo

Bibliotecas en la red

DIGITAL LIBRARIES

Capturing images of manuscripts, art, and artifacts, digital libraries are an excellent way of both preserving the past and sharing it with everyone.

  1. Harvard University Library. Browse through 24 different collections ranging from cultural images of eastern Asia to 19th century American trade cards.
  2. Yale University Library: Digital Collections. Find ancient manuscripts or read a classic all preserved digitally courtesy of the Yale University Library.
  3. Indiana University Digital Library Program. Download manuscripts from Isaac Newton or view photographs, film literature, and music from the collections at this library.
  4. Michigan State University Digital and Multimedia Center. Find several texts from authors such as Joseph Conrad, Aesop’s Fables, cookbooks, and texts on orchids or veterinary medicine in PDF format.
  5. Columbia University Libraries Digital Collections. Browse through one of over 10 different digital collections that range from medieval and early Renaissance manuscripts to architectural drawings or visit the online exhibitions for even more.
  6. Rutgers University Digital Library Projects. Learn about the history of alcohol, New Jersey, Italy’s people, and much more in this diverse digital library.
  7. Ohio State University Libraries Collections. See photos of Bird’s expedition to the South Pole, learn about the women of Burlesque, and more in these digital archives.
  8. Syracuse University Digital Library. Find interesting information on the history of the New York area as well as recordings of popular WWII songs.
  9. Ohio University Libraries Digital Exhibits. Learn about Ohio history, visits from important people, read WWII papers, and more in these archives.
  10. Brown University Library, Center for Digital Initiatives. This collection includes such interesting topics ranging from Abraham Lincoln, Napoleon, and African American and Yiddish sheet music.
  11. JSU Houston Cole Library Digital Collections. In addition to profiles of several local historical figures, there is a collection of oral histories from people who lived through historic eras of the early to mid 20th century in America.

INTERNATIONAL DIGITAL LIBRARIES

These digital libraries either have a focus on a culture other than that of the United States or are housed in another country.

  1. The Digital South Asia Library. Sponsored by University of Chicago, this library provides images, reference material, statistics, indexes, and more all focusing on South Asia.
  2. Cambridge University Library Digital Image Collections. Study ancient texts, photographs from the late 19th century through the mid 20th century, Pascal’s Treatise on the Arithmetic Triangle, and more.
  3. Nagoya University Library. The manuscripts in these digital databases are in Japanese, as are most of the sites (with some English and French). Whether you know any Japanese or not, if you appreciate the beauty of ancient Japanese manuscripts, you can randomly click through these sites and find some beautiful images.
  4. Ryukoku University Electronic Exhibition. The digital collection from this university in Kyoto, Japan offers glimpses of art and manuscripts with descriptions of each in English.

BOOKS & TEXTS

These libraries offer books or texts for you to read online and free of charge.

  1. Universal Digital Library. Hosted by Carnegie Mellon University, this site offers one million online texts touching on literature, the arts, and science.
  2. The Perseus Digital Library. Find Greek and Latin classics, English Renaissance, and more on this site. Currently, a newer, more modern version is in testing, so feel free to give that a try too.
  3. The Oxford Text Archive. Scroll through these digitally preserved texts for access to hundreds of classic texts. If the text is available for download, it will be designated “free” to the right of the link.
  4. Kelvin Smith Library eBooks. This listing ranges from links to full-text reference material to style guides to classic dramas. They also have an exclusive collection of early American and British books.
  5. University of Chicago Library EOS. Find image-based electronic texts available to all from the University of Chicago’s collection.
  6. The University of Adelaide Library e-Books. This Australian library offers free texts to all. Browse by author, title, chronology, or theme.
  7. Literary Resources on the Net. Hosted by Rutgers University, you can find any number of classic texts here categorized by category.
  8. The Internet Classics Archive. Find major classics, including some Chinese and Persian texts, on this site hosted by MIT.
  9. Renascence Editions. Find English language texts written between 1477 and 1799 at this site hosted by the University of Oregon. Scroll through the alphabetical listing to find texts by author.
  10. The Beck Center for Electronic Collections. This collection of resources hosted by Emory University offers projects such as Women’s Genre Fiction, The Belfast Group, and the W.B. Yeats Collection, all of which provide downloadable texts pertaining to each topic.
  11. Carrie: An Electronic Library. Hosted by the University of Kansas, this online library offers several collections with focus mainly on history and social sciences.

MEDICAL LIBRARIES

These libraries offer medical information for both the professional and the lay person.

  1. Welch Medical Library. This library, courtesy of Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, offers a search feature for articles published in medical journals and online. They also have Subject Guides under the “eResources” section that offers links to topics ranging from Alternative Medicine to Grants and Funding to Writing and Publishing.
  2. The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Care Center. Each page at this site provides a wealth of information explaining about specific types of cancer as well as topics related to cancer such as pain, fatigue, and genetics.
  3. Duke University Medical Center Library Online. Get databases, journals, tutorials, tools, and more at this medical library.
  4. Lamar Soutter Library. Courtesy of University of Massachusetts, this library offers plenty of information for the general public with access levels clearly labeled on most resources.
  5. Michigan Ear Institute Medical Library. Find several articles about diagnosis and treatment of ear issues in this online library intended for both professionals and laypersons.
  6. South Carolina Department of Mental Health. Geared toward both the professional and clients and their families, this site offers a wealth of information from the diagnostic stage to treatment.
  7. Encyclopedia of Psychology. This site run by Jacksonville State University provides links to anything related to psychology. Read about organizations, learn about the major theories, or find out about a career in the field.
  8. Children’s Hospital Boston Interactive Features. Click on these features to make neurons fire, see cell growth as you travel through cancer stages, create red blood cells, and more.
  9. Tufts Open Courseware. Tufts University medical school has put several medical courses online for anyone to access.
  10. Bastyr University. Focusing on natural health medicine, this university library offers a nice database with resources for natural medicine.

LEGAL LIBRARIES

Whether you are studying the law or are just interested in it, these libraries have information for you.

  1. UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy. This archive provides a rich resource for all formative laws taking place between 1995 through 2002.
  2. Berkman Center for Internet & Society. A part of Harvard Law, find publications and research that pertain to Internet law.
  3. Emory Law Ready Reference. This site offers links to free primary and secondary research sources. Find an Internet Legal Research Guide among many other guides.
  4. Santa Clara Law Library. Find lots of legal resources available on the Internet as well as legal research guides here.
  5. Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute. Find procedures, codes, and more at this resource for public legal information.
  6. New Jersey Digital Legal Library. Hosted by Rutgers University Library, you can find papers on New Jersey law and legal history here.
  7. Tarlton Law Library. From the University of Texas School of Law, this library offers access to plenty of information for the general public.
  8. USC Gould School of Law. This library provides users online access to journals, legal resources, and electronic resources.
  9. Wise Law Library. In addition to the databases, this site also offers links to helpful legal websites, research tools, and library tools courtesy of University of Colorado Law.
  10. O’Quinn Law Library. From University of Houston, this library has access to databases as well as a few special collections available online.

NATIONAL LIBRARIES OF EUROPE

The following libraries are both national libraries that offer a glimpse into the culture and history of the country they represent as well as hold affiliations with universities.

  1. National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This library is open to both those affiliated with the university and general readership, but note that there is not an English version available.
  2. The National and University Library in Zagreb. This library in Croatia offers collections of ancient papers and manuscripts available online.
  3. Copenhagen University Library. In conjunction with the National Library, this site offers a wide range of materials available in both English and Danish.
  4. National and University Library of Iceland. Look at ancient maps of Iceland or explore the multiple databases available on this site. Some areas are restricted to those associated with the university.
  5. National and University Library St. Kliment Ohridski – Skopje. Available in English, this library of the former Yugolslov Republic of Macedonia offers a limited amount of information online, but you can access some databases. Members of the library have access to more sections.
  6. National and University Library of Slovenia. The digital library offers access to many national treasures of Slovenian history. Much of the website can be navigated in English.

WORLD RELIGION LIBRARIES

From various types of Christianity to Judaism to Buddhism, these libraries offer an opportunity for religious research.

  1. Hartford Seminary Library. Find books, dissertations, and more on Christian theology here. Some access is restricted to students of the seminary.
  2. Brigham Young University Digital Collections. Click on “Text Collections” for a wide range of available texts including children’s literature, sermons of John Donne, and a huge collection of Mormon literature.
  3. The Divinity Library, Vanderbilt University. Get the revised common lectionary, access their many free databases, and read guides on how to do religious research at this library.
  4. University of California Library Religious Studies. Use research tools, use library guides, and browse through the religious studies collection at this library.
  5. Flora Lamson Hewlett Library. Research with the online databases, take advantage of tutorials, and more at this site.
  6. The Catholic University of America Library. Research religious studies, philosophy, and canon laws at this library.
  7. Ostrow Library at American Jewish University. Search databases, take advantage of suggested links, and more at this library focusing on Jewish culture and civilization.
  8. Digital Library and Museum of Buddhist Studies. Hosted by National Taiwan University Library, this site offers scriptures, tools, and more to help your study of Buddhism.
  9. Al – Islam Digital Library. Discover Islam by browsing through material selected from our Library. A simple guide for those who wish to journey through material available in the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library in order to find out more about Islam as taught by the Prophet and his family.

SPECIALIZED COLLECTION

From maps to architectural images to information on deafness, these libraries offer a very specialized collection.

  1. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. Study topographical maps from around the world at this library.
  2. Texas Tech University Libraries 3D Animation Lab. Learn the basics and find some handy tools to get you started with creating your own 3D animation.
  3. United Nations University Library. Browse through this online library with the mission of solving global concerns and bringing peace worldwide.
  4. News and Newspapers Online. A service of the University Libraries of The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, this library will help you find current news anywhere in the world.
  5. SPIRO. Courtesy of University of California, Berkeley, you can find over 270,000 architectural images in both slide and photograph format.
  6. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Library. Find two online collections that offer images of ancient Chinese maps.
  7. Documenting the American South. Hosted by the University of North Carolina, you can find full texts by various authors that document the Southern Americana heritage.
  8. University of Minnesota Human Rights Library. Read more than 85,000 human rights documents at this online library.
  9. Gallaudet University Library. This library has an extensive section on deaf research including statistics, deaf people and animals, ways librarians can communicate, and more.
  10. Hargrett Library Rare Map Collection. View more than 800 maps ranging over a 500 year time span in this online collection from University of Georgia Libraries.

ACADEMIC RESEARCH

Whether you are researching Mark Twain or war in the 20th century, these libraries offer resources to help you.

  1. HighWire Press. Hosted by Stanford University, this free repository holds journals and other academic articles available to the general public.
  2. Mark Twain Project. Co-sponsored by the University of California, you can find texts, documents, and research available online about the life and works of Mark Twain.
  3. Project Euclid. Sponsored by Cornell University, this site offers online resources for math and statistics.
  4. NARCIS. Hosted by Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, this database provides access to scientific papers based out of the Netherlands.
  5. The World of Dante. Study Dante’s Inferno online courtesy of the University of Virginia. It has been tagged using SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) to enhance the interface and study of this poem.
  6. Southwestern Writers Collection. Texas State University houses a huge collection of manuscripts and information on southwestern writers. Much of the information is available online in the archives.
  7. Peace and War in the 20th Century. From McMaster University Library in Ontario, this library provides records, case studies, a time line, and more focusing on war and peace around the world in the 20th century.
  8. Internet Public Library. Founded by University of Michigan School of Information and hosted by Drexel University’s College of Information Science & Technology, this incredibly comprehensive library has plenty to offer.

AMERICAN UNIVERSITES

These American university libraries have plenty to offer to anyone who takes the time to explore what is available.

  1. University of Texas Libraries. Browse through the multiple libraries and museums available on this site. Some access is restricted to those affiliated with the university, but there is plenty of information for the general public.
  2. Georgetown University Library. Search you databases, journals, and special collections at this combination of both the Lauinger Library and the Blommer Science Library.
  3. Princeton University Library . This library offers lots of information for the general public. Be sure to check out their incredible reference database too.
  4. LSU Libraries: Special Collections. While only parts of these special collections are available online, you can learn about the oral history of Louisiana, rare books, and the Civil War.
  5. University of Nevada, Reno Libraries. Find Basque books and films, information on Earth sciences and mining, and maps and history of the Nevada area at this library.
  6. Washington University Libraries. Ask a librarian, find journal articles, and browse through reference sources here.
  7. Howard University Library System. Students and non-students alike can take advantage of the databases, catalog, and faculty papers.
  8. University of Delaware Library. In addition to access to five libraries, you can also view a digital collection, instructional media collection, and other special collections.
  9. University of Virginia Library. This library offers a good selection of labs, such as the digital media lab, which the general public can access portions of online.
  10. J. Willard Marriott Library. From University of Utah, this library offers a good selection of special collections, digital collections, and more.

INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITIES

Travel around the world from your computer and learn what these international university libraries have to offer.

  1. The University of Edinburgh. The resources here are available to the general public; however, most licensed electronic resources are not available to non-university people.
  2. The Library at UCD Dublin. While much of the information is restricted to either those associated with the university or visiting scholars, the general public can access electronic resources including eBooks, online reference sources, and more.
  3. University of Oxford Bodleian Library e-Resources. This library offers a good selection of resources available to all ranging from digital archives to research articles written by Oxford authors.
  4. Bibliotheque de la Sorbonne. Check out the electronic resources for the biggest selection available to the general public at this library. The site is completely in French.
  5. Free University of Berlin Universitatsbibliothek. Research 700 databases and 20,000 journals in this university’s digital library. The site is available in English, but some of the pages may only be available in German.
  6. Roskilde University Library. Of the open-access services available at this library, there is a good mix of information in both English and Danish.
  7. Stockholm University Library. Search the databases, e-books, and e-journals available at this library. Not all information is accessible by the general public, but what is available is clearly marked.
  8. University Library Ghent. This library in Belgium offers digital databases with historic photographs and more, a section with a five-year focus on architecture, and much more. Some of the site is available in English.
  9. Open University of Catalonia. Search for information in English, Spanish, or Catalan in this library that offers an online collection ranging across many topics including the arts, philosophy, labor sciences, law, marketing, tourism, and more.
  10. University of Zurich. This university has made several libraries and online databases available for use. There is a mix of resources in both English and German.
  11. National University of Singapore Libraries. Get links to information about Singapore from government to statistics as well as the ability to search the university databases.
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